No. Neither shall death penalty be imposed, unless, for compelling reasons involving heinous crimes, the Congress hereafter provides for it. Upon the last reading of a bill, no amendment thereto shall be allowed, and the vote thereon shall be taken immediately thereafter, and the yeas and nays entered in the Journal. (c) All cases in which the jurisdiction of any lower court is in issue. SECTION 8. The State shall protect and advance the right of the people to a balanced and healthful ecology in accord with the rhythm and harmony of nature. This immunity shall apply to the incumbent President referred to in Article XVII of this Constitution. The Members of the Supreme Court and judges of lower courts shall hold office during good behavior until they reached the age of seventy years or become incapacitated to discharge the duties of their office. The natural right and duty of parents in the rearing of the youth for civic efficiency and the development of moral character shall receive the aid and support of the government. Declaration of Principles and State Policies. The six-year term of the incumbent President and Vice-President elected in the February 7, 1986 election is, for purposes of synchronization of elections, hereby extended to noon of June 30, 1992. In all such cases, the votes of each House shall be determined by yeas or nays, and the names of the Members voting for or against shall be entered in its Journal. SECTION 3. Alienable lands of the public domain shall be limited to agricultural lands. SECTION 26. (2) The President shall have the power to veto any particular item or items in an appropriation, revenue, or tariff bill, but the veto shall not affect the item or items to which he does not object. Until a law is passed, the President may fill by appointment from a list of nominees by the respective sectors the seats reserved for sectoral representation in paragraph (2), Section 5 of Article VI of this Constitution. The first Congress shall give priority to the determination of the period for the full implementation of free public secondary education. SECTION 12. SECTION 11. The Senators, Members of the House of Representatives, and the local officials first elected under this Constitution shall serve until noon of June 30, 1992. As it evolves, it shall be further developed and enriched on the basis of existing Philippine and other languages. No person shall be deprived of life, liberty, or property without due process of law, nor shall any person be denied the equal protection of the laws. They shall be entitled to security of tenure, humane conditions of work, and a living wage. The State shall apply the principles of agrarian reform or stewardship, whenever applicable in accordance with law, in the disposition or utilization of other natural resources, including lands of the public domain under lease or concession suitable to agriculture, subject to prior rights, homestead rights of small settlers, and the rights of indigenous communities to their ancestral lands. No member of the House of Representatives shall serve for more than three consecutive terms. SECTION 18. (2) The Commission shall be composed of a Chairman and four Members who must be natural-born citizens of the Philippines and a majority of whom shall be members of the Bar. Section 26 of Article II of the 1987 Philippine Constitution. The President shall address the Congress at the opening of its regular session. SECTION 6. Without limiting the natural right of parents to rear their children, elementary education is compulsory for all children of school age; (3) Establish and maintain a system of scholarship grants, student loan programs, subsidies, and other incentives which shall be available to deserving students in both public and private schools, especially to the underprivileged; (4) Encourage non-formal, informal, and indigenous learning systems, as well as self-learning, independent, and out-of-school study programs particularly those that respond to community needs; and. Of those first appointed, the Chairman shall hold office for seven years, a Commissioner for five years, and another Commissioner for three years, without reappointment. SECTION 14. In the implementation of such program the State shall respect the rights of small property owners. (Article XIV, Section 2) Section 13. Section 3. SECTION 1. SECTION 2. Section 6. SECTION 22. The provisions of paragraphs (3) and (4), Section 15 of Article VIII of this Constitution shall apply to cases or matters filed before the ratification of this Constitution, when the applicable period lapses after such ratification. The State shall protect the nation’s marine wealth in its archipelagic waters, territorial sea, and exclusive economic zone, and reserve its use and enjoyment exclusively to Filipino citizens. SECTION 1. Those which seek to achieve their goals through violence or unlawful means, or refuse to uphold and adhere to this Constitution, or which are supported by any foreign government shall likewise be refused registration. Rules of procedure of special courts and quasi-judicial bodies shall remain effective unless disapproved by the Supreme Court. SECTION 3. (d) All criminal cases in which the penalty imposed is reclusion perpetua or higher. Subject to reasonable conditions prescribed by law, the State adopts and implements a policy of full public disclosure of all its transactions involving public interest. EXPLANATORY NOTE Article XII Section 2 of the 1987 Philippine Constitution provides: "Section 2, All lands of the public domain, waters, minerals, coal, petroleum, and other mineral oils, all forces of potential energy, fisheries, forests or timber, wildlife, flora and fauna, and other natural resources are owned by the State. The State shall encourage non-governmental, community-based, or sectoral organizations that promote the welfare of the nation. (7) Determine the causes of inefficiency, red tape, mismanagement, fraud, and corruption in the Government and make recommendations for their elimination and the observance of high standards of ethics and efficiency. 189405 – Case Digest, Difference Between Certiorari and Prohibition. The Office of the Ombudsman shall enjoy fiscal autonomy. The State shall, by law, facilitate the establishment of adequate consultation mechanisms. Section 3. Section 16, Article II of the 1987 Philippine ConstitutionSection 16. SECTION 10. (2) The Congress may, by law, authorize the President to fix within specified limits, and subject to such limitations and restrictions as it may impose, tariff rates, import and export quotas, tonnage and wharfage dues, and other duties or imposts within the framework of the national development program of the Government. PGC Presentation-- Created using PowToon -- Free sign up at http://www.powtoon.com/ . Article II of the 1987 Philippine Constitution - Free download as Powerpoint Presentation (.ppt / .pptx), PDF File (.pdf), Text File (.txt) or view presentation slides online. The family has the duty to care for its elderly members but the State may also do so through just programs of social security. The State recognizes the vital role of communication and information in nation-building. Article 2 Philippine Constitution. The Philippines is a democratic and republican State. The Government may call upon the people to defend the State and, in the fulfillment thereof, all citizens may be required, under conditions provided by law, to render personal military or civil service. SECTION 11. The Congress shall give highest priority to the enactment of measures that protect and enhance the right of all the people to human dignity, reduce social, economic, and political inequalities, and remove cultural inequities by equitably diffusing wealth and political power for the common good. SECTION 21. The State may, in the interest of national welfare or defense, establish and operate vital industries and, upon payment of just compensation, transfer to public ownership utilities and other private enterprises to be operated by the Government. SECTION 15. SECTION 20. The Congress shall, by law, provide who shall serve as President in case of death, permanent disability, or resignation of the Acting President. SECTION 23. In case of invasion or rebellion, when the public safety requires it, he may, for a period not exceeding sixty days, suspend the privilege of the writ of habeas corpus or place the Philippines or any part thereof under martial law. SECTION 7. SECTION 7. Until then, they shall be allowed to vote under existing laws and such rules as the Commission on Elections may promulgate to protect the secrecy of the ballot. In the case of the President, the Vice-President, the Members of the Cabinet, the Congress, the Supreme Court, the Constitutional Commissions and other constitutional offices, and officers of the armed forces with general or flag rank, the declaration shall be disclosed to the public in the manner provided by law. SECTION 14. The practice of all professions in the Philippines shall be limited to Filipino citizens, save in cases prescribed by law. Until a legislature is elected and convened under a new Constitution, the President shall continue to exercise legislative power. A similar plan shall be adopted for all special courts and quasi-judicial bodies. SECTION 8. SECTION 17. The Congress shall, by law, provide for the manner in which one who is to act as President shall be selected until a President or a Vice-President shall have qualified, in case of death, permanent disability, or inability of the officials mentioned in the next preceding paragraph. The Congress shall enact an organic act for each autonomous region with the assistance and participation of the regional consultative commission composed of representatives appointed by the President from a list of nominees from multisectoral bodies. SECTION 14. Public office is a public trust. The Congress may establish an independent economic and planning agency headed by the President, which shall, after consultations with the appropriate public agencies, various private sectors, and local government units, recommend to Congress, and implement continuing integrated and coordinated programs and policies for national development. The Commission on Human Rights shall have the following powers and functions: (1) Investigate, on its own or on complaint by any party, all forms of human rights violations involving civil and political rights; (2) Adopt its operational guidelines and rules of procedure, and cite for contempt for violations thereof in accordance with the Rules of Court; (3) Provide appropriate legal measures for the protection of human rights of all persons within the Philippines, as well as Filipinos residing abroad, and provide for preventive measures and legal aid services to the underprivileged whose human rights have been violated or need protection; (4) Exercise visitorial powers over jails, prisons, or detention facilities; (5) Establish a continuing program of research, education, and information to enhance respect for the primacy of human rights; (6) Recommend to the Congress effective measures to promote human rights and to provide for compensation to victims of violations of human rights, or their families; (7) Monitor the Philippine Government’s compliance with international treaty obligations on human rights; (8) Grant immunity from prosecution to any person whose testimony or whose possession of documents or other evidence is necessary or convenient to determine the truth in any investigation conducted by it or under its authority; (9) Request the assistance of any department, bureau, office, or agency in the performance of its functions; (10) Appoint its officers and employees in accordance with law; and. SECTION 5. The authority of local executives over the police units in their jurisdiction shall be provided by law. Bernas tackled in his article especially in regards with the conditions that the said principle sets. (1) Every bill passed by the Congress shall embrace only one subject which shall be expressed in the title thereof. The State shall provide incentives to landowners to invest the proceeds of the agrarian reform program to promote industrialization, employment creation, and privatization of public sector enterprises. SECTION 3. SECTION 22. SECTION 17. Gayon man, ang mayorya nito, kasama ang Tagapangulo, ay dapat na mga kabilang sa Philippine Bar na nag-practice bilang abogado sa loob ng sampung (10) taon man lamang. SECTION 7. For orders issued before the ratification of this Constitution, the corresponding judicial action or proceeding shall be filed within six months from its ratification. No Senator shall serve for more than two consecutive terms. No loan, guaranty, or other form of financial accommodation for any business purpose may be granted, directly or indirectly, by any government-owned or controlled bank or financial institution to the President, the Vice-President, the Members of the Cabinet, the Congress, the Supreme Court, and the Constitutional Commissions, the Ombudsman, or to any firm or entity in which they have controlling interest, during their tenure. The salary of the Chairman and the Commissioners shall be fixed by law and shall not be decreased during their tenure. The State shall protect consumers from trade malpractices and from substandard or hazardous products. The salary of the Chief Justice and of the Associate Justices of the Supreme Court, and of judges of lower courts shall be fixed by law. The armed forces shall be insulated from partisan politics. The President, the Vice-President, the Members of the Supreme Court, the Members of the Constitutional Commissions, and the Ombudsman may be removed from office, on impeachment for, and conviction of, culpable violation of the Constitution, treason, bribery, graft and corruption, other high crimes, or betrayal of public trust. SECTION 18. All persons, except those charged with offenses punishable by reclusion perpetua when evidence of guilt is strong, shall, before conviction, be bailable by sufficient sureties, or be released on recognizance as may be provided by law. (2) The employment of physical, psychological, or degrading punishment against any prisoner or detainee or the use of substandard or inadequate penal facilities under subhuman conditions shall be dealt with by law. Article II of 1987 Philippine Constitution. Urban or rural poor dwellers shall not be evicted nor their dwellings demolished, except in accordance with law and in a just and humane manner. (2) The regular Members of the Council shall be appointed by the President for a term of four years with the consent of the Commission on Appointments. The State shall, from time to time, review to upgrade the pensions and other benefits due to retirees of both the government and the private sectors. It shall keep the general accounts of the Government and, for such period as may be provided by law, preserve the vouchers and other supporting papers pertaining thereto. The State shall conserve, promote, and popularize the nation’s historical and cultural heritage and resources, as well as artistic creations. It shall consider these rights in the formulation of national plans and policies. The provisions of this subsection shall not apply to schools established for foreign diplomatic personnel and their dependents and, unless otherwise provided by law, for other foreign temporary residents. SECTION 2. No elective or appointive public officer or employee shall receive additional, double, or indirect compensation, unless specifically authorized by law, nor accept without the consent of the Congress, any present, emolument, office, or title of any kind from any foreign government. The State may not be sued without its consent. | G.R. The Congress shall evolve a progressive system of taxation. No Member of a Constitutional Commission shall, during his tenure, hold any other office or employment. They shall not be qualified to run for any office in the election immediately succeeding their cessation from office. (3) The Clerk of the Supreme Court shall be the Secretary ex officio of the Council and shall keep a record of its proceedings. (2) Appointments in the civil service shall be made only according to merit and fitness to be determined, as far as practicable, and, except to positions which are policy-determining, primarily confidential, or highly technical, by competitive examination. SECTION 9. SECTION 20. The State shall protect the rights of subsistence fishermen, especially of local communities, to the preferential use of local marine and fishing resources, both inland and offshore. No. ARTICLE I SCOPE AND LIMITATIONS Section 1. SECTION 14. SECTION 8. Sovereignty resides in the people and all government authority emanates from them. The State shall establish and maintain one police force, which shall be national in scope and civilian in character, to be administered and controlled by a national police commission. They shall not receive during their tenure any other emolument from the Government or any other source. SECTION 29. If a President shall not have been chosen, the Vice-President-elect shall act as President until a President shall have been chosen and qualified. SECTION 2. Dual allegiance of citizens is inimical to the national interest and shall be dealt with by law. SECTION 6. Within forty-eight hours from the proclamation of martial law or the suspension of the privilege of the writ of habeas corpus, the President shall submit a report in person or in writing to the Congress. 3 dated March 25, 1986 or this Constitution shall be transferred to the office or body to which its powers, functions, and responsibilities substantially pertain. (4) The law shall provide for penal and civil sanctions for violations of this section as well as compensation to and rehabilitation of victims of torture or similar practices, and their families. Article I Legislative Branch; Article II Executive Branch; Article III Judicial Branch; Article IV Relationships Between the States; Article V Amending the Constitution; Article VI Prior Debts, National Supremacy Clause, and Oaths of Office; Article VII Ratification; Amendments to the Constitution . (4) Despite the expiration of the applicable mandatory period, the court, without prejudice to such responsibility as may have been incurred in consequence thereof, shall decide or resolve the case or matter submitted thereto for determination, without further delay. No. The State shall pursue a trade policy that serves the general welfare and utilizes all forms and arrangements of exchange on the basis of equality and reciprocity. SECTION 19. Its final draft was completed by the Constitutional Commission on October 12, 1986 and was ratified by a nationwide plebiscite on February 2, 1987. The State shall give priority to education, science and technology, arts, culture, and sports to foster patriotism and nationalism, accelerate social progress, and promote total human liberation and development. The Supreme Court en banc shall have the power to discipline judges of lower courts, or order their dismissal by a vote of a majority of the Members who actually took part in the deliberations on the issues in the case and voted thereon. (1) The right of spouses to found a family in accordance with their religious convictions and the demands of responsible parenthood; (2) The right of children to assistance, including proper care and nutrition, and special protection from all forms of neglect, abuse, cruelty, exploitation, and other conditions prejudicial to their development; (3) The right of the family to a family living wage and income; and. (1) The Congress may not increase the appropriations recommended by the President for the operation of the Government as specified in the budget. Notwithstanding the provisions of Section 7 of this Article, a natural-born citizen of the Philippines who has lost his Philippine citizenship may be a transferee of private lands, subject to limitations provided by law. All Members of the Senate and the House of Representatives shall, upon assumption of office, make a full disclosure of their financial and business interests. Section 11, Article II, RA 9165 of the Philippine Constitution is titled "Possession of Dangerous Drugs." CONSTITUTION OF THE REPUBLIC OF THE PHILIPPINES ARTICLE II ARTICLE II. SECTION 24. He shall hold his Office during the Term of four Years, and, together with the Vice-President chosen for the same Term.\"Section 1 establishes the electoral college: … The term of office of elective local officials, except barangay officials, which shall be determined by law, shall be three years and no such official shall serve for more than three consecutive terms. (11) Perform such other duties and functions as may be provided by law. No combinations in restraint of trade or unfair competition therein shall be allowed. Until the Congress provides otherwise, the National Economic and Development Authority shall function as the independent planning agency of the government. The separation of Church and State shall be inviolable. (8) Promulgate its rules of procedure and exercise such other powers or perform such functions or duties as may be provided by law. If the person cannot afford the services of counsel, he must be provided with one. SECTION 13. 235573, November 9, 2020, Frabelle Properties Corp. vs. AC Enterprises, Inc. | G.R. The Senate shall be composed of twenty-four Senators who shall be elected at large by the qualified voters of the Philippines, as may be provided by law. The State shall promote comprehensive rural development and agrarian reform. SECTION 24. SECTION 4. Until a legislature is elected and convened under a new Constitution, the President shall continue to exercise legislative power. (1) No person shall be appointed Member of the Supreme Court or any lower collegiate court unless he is a natural-born citizen of the Philippines. The right of the people to information on matters of public concern shall be recognized. SECTION 3. Section 11 of Article II of the 1987 Constitution of the Republic of the Philippines declares that the State values the dignity of every human, person and guarantees full respect for human rights. (3) Each legislative district shall comprise, as far as practicable, contiguous, compact and adjacent territory. SECTION 18. SECTION 3. (3) Direct the officer concerned to take appropriate action against a public official or employee at fault, and recommend his removal, suspension, demotion, fine, censure, or prosecution, and ensure compliance therewith. The State recognizes the vital role of the youth in nation-building and shall promote their physical, intellectual and social well-being. SECTION 2. In no case shall any Member serve longer than seven years including service before the ratification of this Constitution. (2) Dapat lapatan ng kaukulang batas ang pagpapahirap na pisikal, sikolohikal, o imbing pagpaparusa sa sino mang bilanggo o detenido o ang paggamit ng mga kaluwagang penal na di-makatao. SECTION 20. [6] In the Philippines, "elementary education is compulsory for all children of school age." (6) The officers and men of the regular force of the armed forces shall be recruited proportionately from all provinces and cities as far as practicable. The sovereign geopolitical entity called the Philippines is a federal republic. The order and the list of the sequestered or frozen properties shall forthwith be registered with the proper court. Thereafter, such forest lands and national parks shall be conserved and may not be increased nor diminished, except by law. Unless sooner withdrawn by resolution of the Congress, such powers shall cease upon the next adjournment thereof. Natural-born citizens are those who are citizens of the Philippines from birth without having to perform any act to acquire or perfect their Philippine citizenship. SECTION 3. The maintenance of peace and order, the protection of life, liberty, and property, and promotion of the general welfare are essential for the enjoyment by all the people of the blessings of democracy. Third, it violates Section 22, Article II of the Constitution, which, while recognizing and promoting the rights of indigenous cultural communities, provides for national unity and development. (4) Deputize, with the concurrence of the President, law enforcement agencies and instrumentalities of the Government, including the Armed Forces of the Philippines, for the exclusive purpose of ensuring free, orderly, honest, peaceful, and credible elections. No person may be elected President unless he is a natural-born citizen of the Philippines, a registered voter, able to read and write, at least forty years of age on the day of the election, and a resident of the Philippines for at least ten years immediately preceding such election. It shall strengthen the merit and rewards system, integrate all human resources development programs for all levels and ranks, and institutionalize a management climate conducive to public accountability. At the earliest possible time, the Government shall expropriate idle or abandoned agricultural lands as may be defined by law, for distribution to the beneficiaries of the agrarian reform program. The right to bail shall not be impaired even when the privilege of the writ of habeas corpus is suspended. Spanish and Arabic shall be promoted on a voluntary and optional basis. Such rules shall provide a simplified and inexpensive procedure for the speedy disposition of cases, shall be uniform for all courts of the same grade, and shall not diminish, increase, or modify substantive rights. SECTION 19. DIY Brick Rocket Stove - Cooking Without Electrical Power - Duration: 23:40. The Supreme Court shall have administrative supervision over all courts and the personnel thereof. The State shall foster the preservation, enrichment, and dynamic evolution of a Filipino national culture based on the principle of unity in diversity in a climate of free artistic and intellectual expression. The Members of the Supreme Court and of other courts established by law shall not be designated to any agency performing quasi-judicial or administrative functions. SECTION 12. Agricultural lands of the public domain may be further classified by law according to the uses which they may be devoted. The Chairman of the Commission shall not vote, except in case of a tie. SECTION 18. Section 1. All existing laws, decrees, executive orders, proclamations, letters of instructions, and other executive issuances not inconsistent with this Constitution shall remain operative until amended, repealed, or revoked. The State shall guarantee and promote the autonomy of local government units, especially the barrio, to ensure their fullest development as self-reliant communities. Subdivisions shall enjoy local autonomy each House shall also be subject to a plebiscite as set forth in 10! 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