[67] On 14 December 2015, Séléka rebel leaders declared an independent Republic of Logone. The Azande people settled along the Ubangi River in what is today Central and East CAR, while Bantoid peoples migrated from the southwest from Cameroon. Share. "[60] By August 2013, there were reports of over 200,000 internally displaced persons (IDPs)[61][62], French President François Hollande called on the UN Security Council and African Union to increase their efforts to stabilize the country. In particular, the Kimberley Process Certification Scheme where especially the work of the CAR Monitoring Team is applauded. Cardinal Dieudonné Nzapalainga, Archbishop of Bangui said: "It is a baobab that has fallen, because this man was a … [16] The Central African Republic is a member of the United Nations, the African Union, the Economic Community of Central African States, the Organisation internationale de la Francophonie and the Non-Aligned Movement. [70] The deforestation rate is about 0.4% per annum, and lumber poaching is commonplace. [122] In 2007, female life expectancy at birth was 48.2 years and male life expectancy at birth was 45.1 years. [32] During the 1920s and 1930s the French introduced a policy of mandatory cotton cultivation,[32] a network of roads was built, attempts were made to combat sleeping sickness, and Protestant missions were established to spread Christianity. Indevjobs Provides Information on Jobs in NGOs, International Development Sector, and UN Agency. Last updated: 11/06 - 10:50 Central African Republic There will … For years, a war has been raging in the Central African Republic. November 30, 2020. The Central African Republic (CAR) is gearing up for presidential elections on December 27. Analysis - In the Central African Republic, the smooth conduct of the December 2020 elections will be essential for the country's stability. FILE PHOTO: Central African Republic President Faustin Archange Touadera addresses the 74th session of the United Nations General Assembly at U.N. headquarters in … The Central African Republic hosts just over 10,000 refugees, half of whom fled Congo. [55][56], Michel Djotodia took over as president. Paying tribute to him. The Central African Republic is roughly the size of France and is bordered by Chad to the north, Sudan and South Sudan to the north and east, the Democratic Republic of the Congo (Kinshasa) and the Republic of the Congo (Brazzaville) to the south, and Cameroon to the west. [114], The Central African Republic primarily uses hydroelectricity as there are few other resources for energy and power. Central African Republic - Central African Republic - Ethnic groups: The people of the Central African Republic range from the hunting-and-gathering forest Pygmy peoples, the Aka, to state-forming groups such as the Zande and Nzakara. Several groups continued to fight but other groups signed on to the agreement, or similar agreements with the government (e.g. [119], The two institutions of higher education in the Central African Republic are the University of Bangui, a public university located in Bangui, which includes a medical school; and Euclid University, an international university. [12], The Central African Republic relies heavily on Russian mercenaries for the protection of its diamond mines. [88], There are many missionary groups operating in the country, including Lutherans, Baptists, Catholics, Grace Brethren, and Jehovah's Witnesses. [131] A report by the International Research & Exchanges Board's media sustainability index noted that "the country minimally met objectives, with segments of the legal system and government opposed to a free media system".[131]. Press statement in English, French. Prime Minister Nicolas Tiangaye requested a UN peacekeeping force from the UN Security Council and on 31 May former President Bozizé was indicted for crimes against humanity and incitement of genocide. Central African Republic with its capital Bangui is a country in Africa (Middle Africa), slightly smaller than Texas (622,984 km²). Locals in the Central African Republic are facing a food shortage crisis amidst regional insecurity instability. During this time (1996) the Peace Corps evacuated all its volunteers to neighboring Cameroon. [60] It is argued that the focus of the initial disarmament efforts exclusively on the Seleka inadvertently handed the anti-Balaka the upper hand, leading to the forced displacement of Muslim civilians by anti-Balaka in Bangui and western CAR. The Central African Republic conflict is an ongoing civil war in the Central African Republic (CAR) involving the government, rebels from the Séléka coalition, and anti-balaka militias. The increase in human rights violations, reprisals targeting the civilian population and inter-ethnic violence have led to the highest displacement level since 2013. [41] After Boganda's death in a plane crash on 29 March 1959, his cousin, David Dacko, took control of MESAN. Sie grenzt (im Uhrzeigersinn von Norden) an den Tschad, den Sudan, den Südsudan, die Demokratische Republik Kongo, die Republik Kongo und Kamerun. [110], Bangui is the transport hub of the Central African Republic. [66] By the end of 2014, the country was de facto partitioned with the anti-Balaka in the southwest and ex-Seleka in the northeast. The government violently suppressed the protests, killing 100 children and teenagers. Coordinates: 7°N 21°E / 7°N 21°E / 7; 21, The Central African Republic (CAR; Sango: Ködörösêse tî Bêafrîka; French: République centrafricaine (RCA)[9]  pronounced [ʁepyblik sɑ̃tʁafʁikɛn], or Centrafrique [sɑ̃tʁafʁik]) is a landlocked country in Central Africa. [128] This is in general agreement with the 2016 United Nations estimate of approximately 4%. Jobs & Funds. Despite a few investigations and trials these past few years, many perpetrators of horrendous human rights violations and abuses in the Central African Republic (CAR) have not been brought to justice two years after the inauguration of the country’s Special Criminal Court (SCC). The country is noted for its population of forest elephants and western lowland gorillas. Access to some remote areas remains challenging. [14] It is also estimated to be the unhealthiest country[15] as well as the worst country in which to be young. Modeled on King Leopold's Congo Free State, concessions were doled out to private companies that endeavored to strip the region's assets as quickly and cheaply as possible before depositing a percentage of their profits into the French treasury. [31], On 11 January 2014, Michael Djotodia and Nicolas Tiengaye resigned as part of a deal negotiated at a regional summit in neighboring Chad. On behalf of the Government of the United States and the American people, I congratulate the people and government of the Central African Republic as you celebrate your national day. As of 2010[update], the country had the 4th highest maternal mortality rate in the world. It is bordered by Cameroon, Chad, Sudan, South Sudan, the Democratic Republic of the Congo, and the Republic of the Congo. The landlocked nation on the Central African Republic is very true to its name and can be found right at the center of the African continent. [12], As in many other former French colonies, the Central African Republic's legal system is based on French law. Listen here. To date, the Peace Corps has not returned to the Central African Republic. The first case of measles was recorded in week 5 of 2019 (week commencing 28 January 2019) and the outbreak has continued through to week 7 of 2020 (week commencing 10 February 2020), with eighteen health districts affected including twelve newly affected … [129] Government expenditure on health was US$20 (PPP) per person in 2006[123] and 10.9% of total government expenditure in 2006. [46], When a second round of elections were finally held in 1993, again with the help of the international community coordinated by GIBAFOR, Ange-Félix Patassé won in the second round of voting with 53% of the vote while Goumba won 45.6%. [103] On 8 January 2008, the UN Secretary-General Ban Ki-Moon declared that the Central African Republic was eligible to receive assistance from the Peacebuilding Fund. [86] Indigenous belief (animism) is also practiced, and many indigenous beliefs are incorporated into Christian and Islamic practice. [108] Much of the country is self-sufficient in food crops; however, livestock development is hindered by the presence of the tsetse fly. The annual real GDP growth rate is just above 3%. Send your … What is today the Central African Republic has been inhabited for millennia; however, the country's current borders were established by France, which ruled the country as a colony starting in the late 19th century. [13] As of 2019[update], according to the Human Development Index (HDI), the country had the second-lowest level of human development (only behind Niger), ranking 188th out of 189 countries, and the country had the lowest inequality-adjusted Human Development Index (IHDI), ranking 150th out of 150 countries. The country is located Central Africa, north of Democratic Republic of the Congo. Michael R. Pompeo, Secretary of State. In Focus . [12], The CAR is a member of the Organization for the Harmonization of Business Law in Africa (OHADA). Plan International began operating in Central African Republic in 2014 to support children to get an education, keep them safe and provide them with food and skills training. Marshal Jean-Bédel Bokassa, who had ruled the republic since he took power in 1965, was declared Emperor Bokassa I. Brutality and excess characterized his regime. [95], The president is elected by popular vote for a six-year term, and the prime minister is appointed by the president. [106], In response to concerns of a potential genocide, a peacekeeping force – the International Support Mission to the Central African Republic (MISCA) – was authorized in December 2013. The inter-African military mission was later replaced by a U.N. peacekeeping force (MINURCA). In 1987 and 1988, semi-free elections to parliament were held, but Kolingba's two major political opponents, Abel Goumba and Ange-Félix Patassé, were not allowed to participate. 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