The Eastern Cottontail (Sylvilagus floridanus) is a member of the family Leporidae. Within the genus Sylvilagus, the eastern cottontail is the species with the widest distribution. They inhabit mostly mountainous regions, coniferous and mixed oak forests. The average sizes and weights of the three rabbit and hare species of New York are presented in Table 1. (Almost) 360-degree vision Eastern cottontails have eyes that protrude a bit from their heads, giving them almost 360-degree vision. The cottontail bunny eats plants, is most active at dusk and dawn, and provides a major link in food webs. Eastern Cottontails actually produce two different types of droppings. Habitat The eastern cottontail prefers habitats that are between woody areas and open land. Eastern cottontail has brown, reddish-brown or grey backs and white belly. Songbirds and Woodpeckers. As you may already know, rabbits are birthing machines. Eastern cottontail can be active at dusk and dawn (crepuscular) or during the night (nocturnal). The genus is widely distributed across North America, Central America and northern and … Cottontail rabbits are almost completely mute animals. As such, each species has a slightly different habitat and climatic conditions to adapt to. Adult cottontail averages 35.5 – 48.5 cm in the overall length. Its underside fur is white. Eastern Cottontail Rabbit. Eastern Cottontail. They have long prominent ears that are set just above the head. However, this feature is not present in all cottontails nor is it unique to the genus. They have got fine layer of fur on their bodies. Their occurrence is distributed across America, from the dry and desert regions of Arizona, Texas and New Mexico to the Hudson River area and New England. During winters, the fur color changes to a grayish shade. NE Cottontails are the only cottontail rabbit native to New England. The cottontail is one of the most common small mammals in Minnesota. On average they can litter for 3-4 times in a year, with 3-9 young ones. However, they have a blind spot directly in front of them that is about 10 degrees wide. In America, 13 sub-species of the cottontail exist. Its close cousin, the swamp rabbit, is also water… They spend daylight hours in shades. The eastern cottontail is chunky, red-brown or gray-brown in appearance, with large hind feet, long ears, and a short, fluffy white tail. From 1950s, the species was introduced to several European countries. Eastern cottontail swallows it again to digest it more thoroughly and to extract remaining nutrients. Ruffed Grouse. In the U.S., it is found in most of the Eastern U.S. and in parts of New Mexico and Arizona. Members of the genus Sylvilagus, cottontails have large ears and short legs and move with a scurrying or scampering gait. Depending on the location and habitat, the mating season varies but it usually takes place in January and September. It is the most common rabbit species in North America. There are around 35 subspecies of eastern cottontails that can be found in the eastern parts of North, Central and South America. The cottontail is a favorite food of many predators. She gives birth to 7 babies at one time. The eastern cottontail pair is known to produce as many as 350,000 babies in a period of just 5 years. It is chunky, red-brown, or gray-brown in appearance, with large hind feet, long ears, and a short, fluffy white tail. They seem to like stems or branches that are 0.64 cm (0.25 in) long. Low Cost Habitat Improvements. These rabbits are able to begin breeding at 2 to 3 months old. Its appearance differs from that of a hare in that it has a brownish-gray coloring around the head and neck. Interesting Eastern cottontail Facts: Eastern cottontail can reach 15.5 to 18.75 inches in length and 28 to 54 ounces of weight. The marsh rabbit can swim well and is found only where water is present, like the marshes and swamps off the coasts in the Eastern and Southern regions of America. The eastern cottontail rabbit is one of the most common mammals of both the natural and the human generated ecosystems of North America. Females are slightly larger than males. The eastern cottontail Sylvilagus floridanus is a native American lagomorph. It earns its name because of its fluffy short tail. Herbaceous Plants for Wildlife. Eastern cottontail can survive up to 3 years in the wild. Owls. The first is soft and green in colour and is re-ingested (eaten) so that the rabbit can digest it more thoroughly, ensuring they get all possible nutrients. They are known to live on the edges of more open fields and grasslands as well as yards. It can be found in bushy areas, fields, woodlands, swamps and thickets. They remain active all year-round. The maximum lifespan is 5 years in the wild. Female just after giving is ready to mate. However young rabbits may visit the nest again in the next few days. The cottontail is slight of build compared to the snowshoe hare. It is especially abundant in habitats that contain edges of open, grassy fields and thorny or shrubby cover. Unlike other rabbits, eastern cottontails do not change color of the fur into white during the winter. The winter diet includes small grains, as well as twigs, bark, and buds of shrubs and trees. They are mostly active at sunrise and sunset. They communicate with each other by thumping with their back feet against the ground. It usually inhabits fields, meadows, swamps, deserts, prairies and farms (where it can produce significant damage). Eastern cottontail produces two types of feces. With twenty different species to choose from, there is so much you can learn about these mammals! They are mainly recognized by dark gray or light brown in color. 2. Mother visits the nest each day to nurse the babies. Despite that, population of eastern cottontails is large and stable. Whatsoever, the major predator of Cottontails life is the golden eagle, however, unlike its name it would not be gold for cottontails but metal for sure!. They also occur in the Midwest North America. Hummingbirds and Butterflies. First type is soft and green due to high content of undigested plants. During mid-day cottontails search shelters especially those that provide them brush pile cover or thick clump of grass. cottontail rabbit, animal of the order Lagomorpha, which includes the hares and rabbits, except for the domestic, or European, rabbit [1], which is in a separate species. Adult females have a home range of about 0.2 to 16.2 hectares (0.5 to 40 acres) while adult males have got 3 hectares (6.9 acres) of territory. Sometimes they dig underground burrows not only to avoid predators but also to thwart harsh winter weather. Most Sylvilagus species have stub tails with white undersides that show when they retreat, giving them their characteristic name. Eastern Cottontail Rabbit Facts. Sylvilagus floridanus. Males are known to mate with multiple females. Eastern cottontail has large eyes, long ears, short front legs, long hind legs and large feet whose soles are covered with fur. They begin independent life at the age or 4 to 5 weeks and start to breed at the age of 2 to 3 months. The eastern cottontail is the most familiar rabbit in Virginia and easily recognized by most Virginians. Today the New England Cottontail is restricted to less than a fifth of its range in the early 1900s, whereas the Eastern Cottontail … Most cottontails live up to 2 years in the wild. Eastern cottontails can run as fast as 29 km/h (18 mph). The female builds nest in a hole and gives it a cover using leaves and grasses. Eastern cottontails were brought to New England from the Midwest. Eastern cottontails average 800 to 2,000 g (1.8 to 4.4 lb) in weight. The eastern cottontail shows the white underside of its short tail when it is running. The eastern cottontail rabbit has a compact body with long hind legs, long ears, large brown eyes, and a short tail. Pools for Amphibians. Young eastern cottontails develop quickly. It uses keen eyesight and excellent sense of smell and hearing to identify potential predators. Perhaps the most familiar mark is the short white puffy tail (the cotton tail). Note that the New England cottontail averages just slightly smaller than the eastern cottontail… Endangered Species. Males may be sexually mature at only one month of age and females within their first year. Young will become completely independent in about 28 – 35 days. Mating and births occur a little later in the north and earlier in southern climates. Eastern Cottontail Facts. Eastern cottontails usually breed from February until September. 3. Studies show that cottontails consume as many as 145 different plants species. The eastern cottontail rabbit is a midsize rabbit that generally resides throughout eastern North America, from Canada to Mexico. Another interesting fact is that cottontail rabbits tend to have a quite small home range. The spring molt, lasting from mid-April to mid-July, leaves a short summer coat that is more brown. In winter the cottontail's pelageis more gray than brown. Eastern Cottontail breeding season is from about January through June, with most young born in May and June. Raccoon Facts: Anatomy, Diet, Habitat, Behavior, First Horse Starter Kit – Equipment That You Need to Ride, Common Health Issues With Horses To Know The Signs Of, Woolly Mammoth Facts – Woolly Mammoth Habitat and Diet – Woolly Mammoth Extinction, Endangered Animals Facts | Top 7 Critically Endangered Animals. In the cold days of winter they consume woody material including buds of trees, barks, shrubs, twigs, sedge fruits, rush seeds, and stems. Its underside fur is white. Eastern cottontails are popular game animals. The eastern cottontail is found throughout the United States, northernmost South America, to as far as southern Canada. They mate three to four times per year. The fur around the nose, and underside of the tail and belly, is white. Cottontail rabbits eat a wide variety of plant foods including grasses, sedges, sprouts, leaves, fruits, buds, and bark. Cottontail rabbits can run up to 18 miles per hour for a half mile, and they run in a zig-zag pattern to confuse predators. Young cottontails are born blind with no ears either. Eastern cottontail can reach the speed of 18 miles per hour and move in a zigzag manner to escape from the predators. Read complete article related to Pygmy rabbit facts here. It eats grass and herbs in the wild, and lettuce and pea in the gardens. Eastern cottontail has brown, reddish-brown or grey backs and white belly. Cottontails have an impressive courtship display: A male chases a female until she turns and faces him, after which she stands up on her hind legs and punches him in th… You can commonly find multiple animals foraging for food together, and they will frequently share burrows or burrow systems. The eastern cottontail rabbit doesn't dig its own burrows like some other rabbit species do, so they will either find an empty burrow from another animal to crawl into or they will look for woody vegetation to huddle under during cold weather. Mourning Dove. The exact time of breeding depends on the temperature, food, and light. The mean weight is 2 – 3 pounds. The kits develop the same coloring afte… Females tend to be a bit larger than the males. Managing Beaver Ponds. There are several species of cottontail rabbit, but the eastern cottontail is the most common. Cottontail rabbits are among the 20 lagomorph species in the genus Sylvilagus, found in the Americas. There is a rusty patch on the tail. Its fur is either reddish-brown or grayish-brown in color. Cottontail’s habitats include swamps, hedgerows, forests, farmland, glades, prairies, wooded thickets, deserts, and are open like grassy fields. : The most, new, latest, shocking, weird, scary, funny, fascinating, interesting and amazing things | facts in the world. Cottontail’s ears average 4.9 – 7.6 cm in length. The more common Eastern Cottontail was brought to New England to be hunted. The NE Cottontail seems to be less able to sense predators from far away than other rabbit … Eastern cottontails are typically aggressive species but they will avoid fight inasmuch as possible. Females are slightly larger than males. Predators of cottontail include hawks, cats, snakes. The eastern cottontail is found from extreme southern Canada south to South America. They are mainly recognized by dark gray or light brown in color. Raccoon. The nests are 18 cm (7.09 in) long with the width averaging 12 cm (4.9 in). Eastern cottontails are likely to survive in habitats that provide shrubby cover and thorny cover. The second is small and hard and is only waste, having had all the nutrients extracted from it. Eastern cottontail is solitary animal that occupies territory of 5 to 8 acres. The body is lighter color with a white underside on the tail. The mean weight is 2 – 3 pounds. Snags and Downed Logs. It is 12 cm (4.71 in) deep. Eastern cottontail rabbits occupy the shrubby areas of south-central United States, eastern Mexico, southern Canada, northernmost South America, eastern United States, and Central America. Cottontails move only short distances. The mortality rate is almost zero. During the summer months, cottontails primarily eat grasses, legumes, succulent annuals, weeds, as well as the occasional garden vegetable. Bark, twigs and buds are the only source of food during the winter. There are some few fun facts we have found of this cottontail rabbit. The Eastern Cottontail is the most common species of Cottontail Rabbits. Its short, fluffy tail is also white, hence the name cottontail. Eastern cottontail is a herbivore (plant-eater). Pair of eastern cottontails can produce 350.000 descendents in 5 years, but only 15% of babies will manage to survive until the age of one year. They have long prominent ears that are set just above the head. Social Structure – Many species of cottontails are social in nature, and prefer living in large groups. 2. Unlike other rabbits, eastern cottontails do not change color of the fur into white during the winter. Cottontail’s ears average 4.9 – … Eastern Cottontail Rabbits are brown-gray fur above, reddish-brown fur around its neck and shoulders and lighter fur on its belly. Pregnancy in female lasts 25 to 35 days and ends with 3 to 8 babies (usually 7). New England Cottontails are primarily forest creatures and depend on areas of thick shrubs to hide. It has also been introduced in New England, British Colombia, and Oregon. Adult cottontail averages 35.5 – 48.5 cm in the overall length. The New England Cottontail was the only rabbit east of the Hudson River until the Eastern Cottontail was introduced in the late 1800s. Eastern Cottontail Rabbit PHYSIOLOGY Several species of cottontails inhabit North America, but here in Eastern Ontario, the familiar “bunny rabbit” is the Eastern Cottontail. This rabbit undergoes two molts per year. It makes home in open grassy habitats including shrubby cover. Main predators of eastern cottontails are snakes, owls, hawks, cats, foxes, weasels and coyotes. This rabbit is seen throughout the state, especially in semi-open areas that have thick, low cover such as brush piles and hedges. Eastern cottontail rabbit (Sylvilagus floridanus) Category: Mammals The Eastern cottontail is one of the most common and widespread species of rabbit in North America. These rabbits are widespread across the Americas, and many species are incredibly common. The eastern cottontail (Sylvilagus floridanus) is arguably one of the most familiar mammals in the natural habitats as well as in captivity. They spend first days of their life in the shallow nest in the ground. Appalachian cottontails are found in the eastern United States ranging from Pennsylvania to South Carolina and being most prominent in the Appalachian Mountains. A familiar rabbit species across much of eastern North America, the eastern cottontail (Sylvilagus floridanus) has the long ears, large hind legs and feet, and short, fluffy tail which are characteristic of all rabbits and hares. Eastern cottontails rely on many different plant species. Females are more likely to be heavier than males. Young rabbits open their eyes 4 – 5 days after birth. Eastern cottontail is small mammal that belongs to the family of rabbits. They prefer to live in meadows and shrubby areas with abundant green grasses and herbs. High mortality is a limiting factor for the growth of population. They also live in areas with dense vegetation such as blueberry, mountain laurel, blackberry vines and cane. It has large brown eyes and large ears to see and listen for danger. The eastern cottontail’s front legs are shorter than its hind legs, and the soles of its feet are covered in fur. Facts About the New England Cottontail Rabbit. However, they have been known for screaming and screeching quite loudly if caught by a predator. Other Predators include Foxes, weasels, and bull snakes. Eastern Gray Squirrel. Their dense coat is a greyish-brown with black-tipped guard hairs. Body ends with small, fluffy tail, which resembles a cotton ball, hence the name - cottontail. 1. Both parents reach maturity at the age of 2 – 3 months. Feeding in a group also keeps these animals safer from predators. Cottontail rabbits cannot be tamed. The tail is 2.5 – 7.6 cm long. Managing Edges for Wildlife. Eastern cottontail’s diet consists of crabgrasses, Canada bluegrass, ragweed, quackgrass, dandelion, wild strawberries, clover, wild rye, redtop, plantains, alfalfa, and timothy. Recreational hunters kill millions of eastern cottontails each year. There is a rusty patch on the tail. let’s have a look on them; They are productive breeders. Cottontails are found in large numbers in Arizona and New Mexico. Cottontail can run at a speed of over 30km/h when it comes to its life. Mating season of eastern cottontails lasts from January to September. Anatomy . A professional writer and a passionate wildlife enthusiast, who is mostly found hooked to his laptop or in libraries researching about the wildlife. The Eastern cottontail is the most common rabbit species in North America. During summer cottontails eat clover, weeds, and grasses. They will leave the nest when they become 14 days old. 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