Many Dutch settlers, on returning to the lands they left to escape the war, found the Redcoats had reduced their homes to ashes. [75] He may also have been giving Washington an opportunity to conclude that his position was hopeless and surrender, in the European gentleman-officer tradition. Washington ordered a rearguard to keep the fires burning. Crack! Three Loyalist farmers led the column toward the Jamaica Pass. The evacuation, conducted in secrecy and silence, began about 8 p.m. that night at Brooklyn Ferry (present-day Fulton Ferry, a site abutting the Brooklyn Bridge and the shortest river crossing between Manhattan and Brooklyn). Department of the Army, Lineage and Honors, 198th Signal Battalion. [34] Reed told Brown that there was no one in the army with that address. [57], At about 23:00 on August 26, the first shots were fired in the Battle of Long Island, near the Red Lion Inn (near present-day 39th Street and 4th Avenue). [35] Howe's adjutant was Colonel James Patterson. B ritish forces left Boston and headed to New York. Mifflin explained that he had been told that it was his turn to evacuate by Scammell; Washington told him it had been a mistake. Howe and his senior commanders believed they, they had more Loyalist support than they’d had in Boston. Washington was able to save some 9,000 men—the bulk of the defensive force—as well as most of their horses, equipment and supplies. Ernie Davis, first African American to win Heisman Trophy (Syracuse University); subject of The Express movie (2008). The only access to the city for supplies and reinforcements was by sea, and rebel warships and privateers prowling the approaches to Boston made life difficult for Howe’s resupply vessels. George Washington’s Escape from Brooklyn. [70] He realized that he had been wrong about a feint on Long Island and he ordered more troops to Brooklyn from Manhattan. Crack! From the British point of view, taking New York made perfect sense. Still more transports arrived in early August, raising the British naval presence to more than 400 ships. Although designed by his father, it was the son Washington Roebling who was the chief engineer that saw through to its conclusion the construction of the Brooklyn Bridge. [85] Mifflin told the man who had been sent to order him to leave, Major Alexander Scammell, that he must be mistaken, but Scammell insisted that he was not and Mifflin ordered his troops to move out. (. For the college basketball rivalry, see, Gunpowder smoke from cannons and muskets mark where Stirling and the Maryland troops attack the British, while the rest of the American troops in the foreground escape across Brouwer's mill pond. Washington knew the difficulty in holding the city with the British fleet in control of the entrance to the harbor at the Narrows, and accordingly moved the bulk of his forces to Manhattan, believing that it would be the first target. Next came the wounded. Among the American dead was Pennsylvania Colonel Caleb Parry, who was killed while rallying his troops. They advanced 6 miles north that day and set up camp in the village of Flatbush, while Washington’s forces withdrew to the adjacent heights (in present-day Prospect Park). Capturing it would ensure British control of the harbor and the Hudson and East rivers, and it would geographically split the rebellious colonies. He surveyed Staten Island and set up a lookout there, facing east toward the Narrows, to provide advance warning of the British approach. Department of the Army, Lineage and Honors, 175th Infantry. Then nature intervened. The British fleet arrived in late June, disembarking on Staten Island. Nostradamus [Michel de Nostredame], French astrologer and physician. He was alleged to have been shot by a Pennsylvanian rifleman who had been sniping at the British from up in a tree. His men were on short rations, and privation gripped the populace. [35] The next day, Howe sent Captain Nisbet Balfour to ask if Washington would meet with Howe's adjutant face to face, and a meeting was scheduled for July 20. Historians believe that as many as 256 soldiers of the First Maryland Regiment under Colonel William Smallwood fell in the battle, about two-thirds of the regiment. It was later claimed, Americans who surrendered were bayoneted by the Hessians. Though Washington's successful retreat from Brooklyn Heights was complete, the American Revolution was far from over. Crewing the evacuee-filled rowboats, barges and canoes were peacetime sailors and fishermen from a recently arrived Massachusetts regiment under Colonel John Glover. [48][49] The Guan (hills) were up to 150 feet high and blocked the most direct route to Brooklyn Heights. AUG. 27 - Battle of Brooklyn Heights and Miracle Escape of Washington's Troops. 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